Celebrating Oregon's State Tree, the Douglas Fir

Which Oregon tree serves as a logging favorite and contributes significantly to Oregon’s status as the #1 Christmas tree-producing state in the US? The answer could be any number of evergreens in our vast forests, but there is one in particular that holds the additional honor of official state tree--the Douglas fir.

In 1939, the Douglas fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii, after a Scottish scientist who happened to be the first European to report seeing it) was named the official Oregon state tree by house concurrent resolution No. 5 of the legislative assembly. Prior to 1950, the botanical name of the tree was Pseudotsuga taxifolia, which means “false hemlock with yew-like leaves”, a name that in and of itself doesn’t seem very impressive, let alone definitive. But the Douglas fir has always been tricky to classify, having characteristics of the pine, the true fir, the spruce, and the yew. It has needles like a fir, but they're not held together at the base like pine needles are. Like the pine, its cones are suspended from its branches, and fall to the ground when ripe. True fir trees, however, have cones that sit upright on their branches and disintegrate on the tree at seeding time rather than falling to ground as a single cone. As such, the Douglas fir is related to none of them. It stands apart as an independent genus.

In celebration of our unique and versatile state tree, this curated collection of Oregon history contains publications directly related to both the Douglas fir and forestry in general, as well as information about logging and Christmas tree production in Oregon.

To learn more about the Douglas fir, visit the Oregon Encyclopedia or watch this short 2017 Oregon Public Broadcasting video.
This online collection debuted in December 2018.

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Biology and control of Douglas-fir needle midge in Christmas trees
Biology and control of Douglas-fir needle midge in Christmas trees
Creator: DeAngelis, Jack D, Oregon State University Extension Service
Date: [1994], 1994
This archived document is maintained by the Oregon State Library as part of the Oregon Documents Depository Program. It is for informational purposes and may not be suitable for legal purposes., "Revised July 1994.", Title from caption, Mode of access: Internet from the Oregon Government Publications Collection.
Bucking Douglas Fir Log, Douglas County, Oregon
Bucking Douglas Fir Log, Douglas County, Oregon
Creator: Brown, H. M. (photographer)
Date: 193u
"Bucking" is a logging process of sawing felled trees into shorter sections that can be hauled to a sawmill. The photo shows a logger, saw in hand, standing by the side of a recently felled fir tree., Courtesy of Oregon State Library
Celebrating Oregon's heritage trees, Oregon heritage trees, class of ..., the...
Celebrating Oregon's heritage trees, Oregon heritage trees, class of ..., the...
Creator: Oregon Heritage Tree Program (issuing body.), Oregon Travel Experience (issuing body.)
Date: 2009--
Covers OCLC #981764748, OCLC #981764879, OCLC #981911680, and OCLC #981911902, Mode of access: Internet from the Oregon Government Publications Collection., Text in English.
Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tschawytscha), Douglas fir (pseudotsuga menziesii)...
Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tschawytscha), Douglas fir (pseudotsuga menziesii)...
Date: 1963, [1963?]
A picture of a chinook salmon leaping upstream in a river with rocks, Douglas fir, and moss in the background and foreground., This archived document is maintained by the Oregon State Library as part of the Oregon Documents Depository Program. It is for informational purposes and may not be suitable for legal purposes., Title from PDF caption (viewed on June 7, 2016)., Mode of access: Internet from the Oregon Government Publications Collection., Text in English.
Christmas tree growers, Licensed Christmas tree growers
Christmas tree growers, Licensed Christmas tree growers
Creator: Nursery and Christmas Tree Program (Or.)
Date: 200u-9999
This archived document is maintained by the Oregon State Library as part of the Oregon Documents Depository Program. It is for informational purposes and may not be suitable for legal purposes., Mode of access: Internet from the Oregon Government Publications Collection.
Christmas tree shipping regulations
Christmas tree shipping regulations
Creator: Nursery and Christmas Tree Program (Or.)
Date: [2008], 2008
This archived document is maintained by the Oregon State Library as part of the Oregon Documents Depository Program. It is for informational purposes and may not be suitable for legal purposes., Title from PDF caption (viewed on Aug. 19, 2011), Converted from HTML, "Page updated: September 23, 2008"--P. [4], Mode of access: Internet from the Oregon Government Publications Collection.
Christmas tree shipping summary, Pitch and needle, Pitch & needle
Christmas tree shipping summary, Pitch and needle, Pitch & needle
Creator: Oregon State Department of Agriculture, (issuing body.)
Date: 2002--
March 2011-October 2013 are converted from HTML., Covers OCLC #973732915, OCLC #1029304430, Issue numbering dropped after , Mode of access: Internet from the Oregon Government Publications Collection., Text in English., This archived document is maintained by the Oregon State Library as part of the Oregon Documents Depository Program. It is for informational purposes and may not be suitable for legal purposes.
Clearcutting
Clearcutting
Creator: Oregon Forest Resources Institute (issuing body.)
Date: 2015, 2015
Join Mike Cloughesy and Nicole Strong as they talk about clearcutting in Oregon's forests. People are surprised to learn that there is not only an economic advantage to clearcutting, but an ecological one as well. At least for Oregon's state tree, the Douglas-fir., This archived document is maintained by the State Library of Oregon as part of the Oregon Documents Depository Program. It is for informational purposes and may not be suitable for legal purposes., Mode of access: Internet from the Oregon Government Publications Collection., In English.
Cumulative effects of forest practices in Oregon: literature and synthesis
Cumulative effects of forest practices in Oregon: literature and synthesis
Creator: Beschta, Robert L., Oregon Department of Forestry., Oregon State University
Date: [1995], 1995, 1995
"March, 1995.", This archived document is maintained by the State Library of Oregon as part of the Oregon Documents Depository Program. It is for informational purposes and may not be suitable for legal purposes., Includes bibliographical references., Mode of access: Internet from the Oregon Government Publications Collection., Text in English.
Dead branches, dead tops, and dead Douglas-fir trees: the interaction of water...
Dead branches, dead tops, and dead Douglas-fir trees: the interaction of water...
Creator: Oregon Department of Forestry
Date: 1999
This archived document is maintained by the Oregon State Library as part of the Oregon Documents Depository Program. It is for informational purposes and may not be suitable for legal purposes., Title from PDF caption (viewed on Mar. 22, 2007), "May 1999.", Mode of access: Internet from the Oregon Government Publications Collection.
Douglas-fir twig weevil: Cylindrocopturus fumissi, Cylindrocopturus fumissi
Douglas-fir twig weevil: Cylindrocopturus fumissi, Cylindrocopturus fumissi
Creator: Oregon Department of Forestry
Date: 2005
This archived document is maintained by the Oregon State Library as part of the Oregon Documents Depository Program. It is for informational purposes and may not be suitable for legal purposes., Title from PDF caption (viewed on Sept. 27, 2006), "January 2005.", Mode of access: Internet from the Oregon Government Publications Collection.
Early thinning in Douglas fir woodlands
Early thinning in Douglas fir woodlands
Creator: Oregon State University Cooperative Extension Service, (issuing body.), Washington Woodland Council (issuing body.), Washington State University (issuing body.)
Date: 1961, 1961
Title from PDF cover (viewed on October 12, 2017)., This archived document is maintained by the State Library of Oregon as part of the Oregon Documents Depository Program. It is for informational purposes and may not be suitable for legal purposes., Mode of access: Internet from the Oregon Government Publications Collection., Text in English.

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